From Osborne to Churchill: photos of chancellors on Budget day

The role of Chancellor of the Exchequer has an incredibly rich history. The inaugural holder of the position was apparently a chap named Hervey de Stanton, who took up the role on 22 June 1316, an astonishing 700 years ago.

Since then, more than 150 chancellors have been and gone, and since the 1600s they have become known for brandishing their famous red briefcases. Apparently the tradition began during the Elizabethan era when the Queen’s representative, a Francis Throckmorton, presented a Spanish ambassador with a specially crafted red briefcase laden with black puddings.

Around this time, Britain had a chancellor who had the somewhat surprising name of Julius Caesar. He took office in 1603 and held the post for eight years.

Chancellor William Gladstone popularised the use of the most famous red box, using it to store his speech for his 1860 Budget. It has since been used on and off by chancellors up until 2010, whereupon it was retired due to fragility - neatly mirroring the state of the UK economy at the time.

The role of chancellor is generally recognised as the second most powerful office in the British political system, and indeed, a great many chancellors have made the leap to become prime minister. Though we have had a female prime minister, no women have yet become Chancellor of the Exchequer in Britain.

Chancellors have not always been the most popular members of the cabinet, mainly because decisions on where to spend and cut are largely in their control. Indeed, Chancellor Robert Lowe, in a speech in 1870 said: “The Chancellor of the Exchequer is a man whose duties make him more or less of a taxing machine. He is entrusted with a certain amount of misery which it is his duty to distribute as fairly as he can.”

With this sentiment in mind, we take a photographic trawl through the UK’s taxing machines and their iconic briefcases.

2010

George Osborne

Budget George Osborne 2010

 

George Osborne presents the Budget box during his first year as chancellor in June 2010. This was the last time the original Gladstone box made a public appearance.

2010

Alistair Darling

Alistair Darling 2009

Alistair Darling presents the Labour Party’s last budget to date, in March 2010

2001

Gordon Brown

Gordon Brown Budget 2001

Labour’s Gordon Brown was chancellor from 1997 until he became Prime Minister in 2007. Brown was only the second chancellor is the modern era to break the tradition of holding up the original Gladstone briefcase.

1995

Kenneth Clarke

Ken Clarke Budget 1995

Ken Clarke delivered the 1995 Budget as chancellor under John Major. Clarke is seen here with his wife Gillian.

1993

Norman Lamont

Norman Lamont Budget 1993

Norman Lamont makes his best Budget face at the photocall for the 1993 Budget.

1990

John Major

John Major 1990 Budget

John Major delivers the 1990 budget - his last before becoming prime minister.

1989

Nigel Lawson

Nigel Lawson 1989 Budget

Nigel Lawson spent six years as chancellor in Margaret Thatcher’s government.

1979

Sir Geoffrey Howe

Geoffrey Howe Budget 1979

Sir Geoffrey Howe and Lady Elspeth Howe on the steps of Number 11 in 1979. Howe was Thatcher’s first chancellor when the Conservatives came to power in 1979.

1977

Denis Healey

Denis Healey Budget 1977

Labour’s Denis Healey hoists the red briefcase aloft alongside his wife Edna at the 1977 Budget. Healey spent five years as chancellor in both Harold Wilson’s and James Callaghan’s governments.

1971

Anthony Barber

Anthony Barber Budget 1971

Anthony Barber waves and smiles at the photocall for the 1971 Budget. Barber spent four years as chancellor in Edward Heath’s Conservative government.

1970

Iain Macleod

Iain Macleod Chancellor for one month in 1970

Iain Macleod was appointed as chancellor in Edward Heath’s new Conservative government in 1970. Tragically, Macleod died a month after the appointment and didn’t finish the Budget he was working on. Here he is outside the Spectator offices, which he edited in the mid-1960s.

1969

Roy Jenkins

Roy Jenkins Budget 1969

Labour’s Roy Jenkins delivers his Budget ahead of the Summer of Love.

1965

James Callaghan

James Callaghan Budget 1965

Hold it up properly James. Callaghan was chancellor for three years in Harold Wilson’s Labour government.

1963

Reginald Maulding

Reginald Maulding 1963

Reginald Maudling challenged Edward Heath for the Tory leadership in 1965. Prior to that, he was chancellor for two years and served in both Harold Macmillan’s and Sir Alec Douglas-Home’s cabinets.

1962

Selwyn Lloyd

Selwyn Lloyd Budget 1962

Back on the steps again for this photo, Selwyn Lloyd wears a bowler hat as he delivers the 1962 Budget for Harold Macmillan’s government.

1959

Derick Heathcoat-Amory

Derick Heathcote Amory Budget 1959

Derick Heathcoat-Amory spent two and a half years as chancellor for Harold Macmillan. He was well known for his passion for sailing and had his yacht brought up the Thames in order to stylishly whisk him away after delivering the Budget.

1957

Baron Peter Thorneycroft

Baron Peter Thorneycroft 1957

Baron Peter Thorneycroft was Chancellor between 1957 and 1958 serving in Harold Macmillan’s government. Here he is with his wife Lady Carla Thorneycroft.

1957

Harold Macmillan

Harold Macmillan Budget 1957

Another seated budget photograph, Harold Macmillan was chancellor for just over a year in Sir Anthony Eden’s government.

1954

Baron R.A. Butler

Baron RA Butler Budget 1954

Baron R.A. Butler, or Rab, as he was known, was chancellor for four years in Winston Churchill’s government.

1951

Hugh Gaitskell

Hugh Gaitskell 1951 Budget Procession

Seen here walking to Buckingham Palace during the 1951 Budget “procession”, Gaitskell was chancellor for one year in Clement Atlee’s Labour government. During his tenure Britain faced growing financial issues stemming from its involvement in the Korean War.

1949

Sir Stafford Cripps

Sir Stafford Cripps Budget 1949

Cripps, seen here with his wife Lady Isobel Cripps, was chancellor for three years in Atlee’s government.

1947

Hugh Dalton

Hugh Dalton Budget 1947

Look this way Hugh! Dalton spent two years as chancellor for Atlee.

1945

Sir John Anderson

Sir John Anderson Budget 1945

Sir John Anderson was chancellor in Winston Churchill’s all-party government during the Second World War. Here he is on Budget day 1945 on the steps of his house with his wife Lady Anderson in front of press photographers.

1941

Sir Kingsley Wood

Sir Kingsley Wood Budget 1941

Sir Kingsley Wood was also a Chancellor in Churchill’s coalition government, serving from 1940 until his death in 1943. Wood is credited with creating the Pay as You Earn method of taxation (instead of retrospective taxation), which remains in use. Wood died suddenly on the day he planned to announce the policy to Parliament.

1939

Sir John Simon

Sir John Simon Budget 1939

Sir John Simon was chancellor for three years in Neville Chamberlain’s early Second World War coalition government. He’s photographed here with his wife Lady Simon on Budget day 1939.

1934

Neville Chamberlain

Neville Chamberlain Budget 1934

Top hatted and in the company of his wife Anne, Neville Chamberlain leaves home for the House of Commons during his tenure as chancellor (though not on Budget day).

1931

Philip Snowden

Philip Snowden four hour budget 1931

Philip Snowden pays a cab driver after delivering a notorious four hour budget in 1931.

1925

Winston Churchill

Winston Churchill when he was Chancellor 1925

Winston! Look where you’re going! Churchill was chancellor from 1924 - 1929 in Stanley Baldwin’s Conservative government. Here he is striding through Whitehall in 1925.

 

 

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